Planning for Sustainable Travel

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A number of important references have been used in developing the advice in the summary guide and on this website and these are given below. Weblinks are given if the articles or publications are available online. Note that many of the academic papers are only available with subscribed access, however abstracts are generally available free of charge. The built environment and travel topic has generated a very rich body of research and guidance – a more complete reference list is found in the background technical report to this study.

Banister, D. (2008) The sustainable mobility paradigm. Transport Policy, 15 (2): 73-80.

Banister, D. (2005) Unsustainable Transport: City Transport in the New Century. London: Routledge.

Banister, D. (1996) Energy, quality of life and the environment: The role of transport. Transport Reviews, 16 (1): 23-35.

Banister, D. (1992) Energy use, transportation and settlement patterns. Breheny, M.J. (ed) Sustainable Development and Urban Form. London: Pion, pp. 160-181.

Banister, D. and Hickman, R. (2006) How to design a more sustainable and fairer built environment: transport and communications. IEEE Proceedings of the Intelligent Transport System, 153 (4): 276-291.

Banister, D., Watson, S. and Wood C. (1997) Sustainable cities, transport, energy and urban form. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 24: 125-143.

Bibby, P. R. and Shepherd, J. W. (1997) Projecting rates of urbanization in England 1991 – 2016: method, policy applications and results. Town Planning Review 68 (1).

Boarnet, M. G. and Crane, R. (1999) Travel by Design: The Influence of Urban Form on Travel. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bohte, W., Maat, K. and van Wee, B. (2009) Measuring attitudes in research on residential self-selection and travel behaviour: A review of theories and empirical research. Transport Reviews 29 (3): 325-357.

Breheny, M. (1991) The renaissance of strategic planning? Environment and Planning B, 18 (3): 233-249.

Breheny, M. (1992) The contradictions of the compact city: A review. Breheny, M. (ed) Sustainable Development and Urban Form. London: Pion, pp. 138-159.

Breheny, M. and Rookwood. R. (1993) Planning the sustainable city region. Blowers, A. (ed) Planning for a Sustainable Environment. London: Earthscan, pp. 150-189.

CABE (Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment) (2007) This Way to Better Streets. London: CABE.

CABE (Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment) (2005) Better Neighbourhoods: Making Higher Densities Work. London: CABE.

Cairns, S., Atkins, S., Goodwin, P. (2002) Disappearing traffic? The story so far. ICE Municipal Engineer 151, 1: 13-22.

Cairns, S., Sloman, L., Newson, C., Anable, J., Kirkbride, A., Goodwin, P. (2008) Smarter Choices: Assessing the potential to achieve traffic reduction using 'soft measures'. Transport Reviews, 28 (5): 593-618.

Cairns, S., Sloman, L., Newson, C., Anable, J., Kirkbride, A. and Goodwin, P. (2004) Smarter Choices – Changing the Way We Travel. London: Department for Transport.

Cao, J. Mokhtarian, P., Handy, S. (2009) Examining the impact of residential self selection on travel behaviour. A focus on empirical findings. Transport Reviews, 29 (3): 359-396.

Castells, M. (1996) The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Volume 1: The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Blackwell.

Cerin, E., Leslie, E., du Toit, L., Owen, N., Frank, L.D. (2007) Destinations that matter: associations with walking for transport. Health and Place, 13: 713-724.

Cervero, R. (1989) Jobs-housing balancing and regional mobility. Journal of the American Planning Association, 55 (2): 136-150.

Cervero, R. (1996) Jobs-housing balancing revisited. Journal of the American Planning Association, 62 (4): 492-511.

Cervero, R. (1996) Mixed land-uses and commuting: Evidence from the American Housing Survey. Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, 30 (5): 361-377.

Cervero, R. and Duncan, M. (2006) Which reduces vehicle travel more: Jobs-housing balance or retail-housing mixing? Journal of the American Planning Association, 72 (4): 475-490.

Cervero, R. and Kockelman, K. (1997) Traffic demand and the 3Ds: Density, diversity, and design. Transportation Research Part D Transport and Environment, 2 (3): 199-219.

Cervero, R. and Landis, J. (1997) Twenty years of the Bay Area Rapid Transit System: Land use and development impacts. Transportation Research A: Policy and Practice, 31 (4): 309-333.

Cervero, R. and Radisch, C. (1996) Travel choices in pedestrian versus automobile oriented neighbourhoods. Transport Policy, 3 (3): 127-141.

CfIT (Commission for Integrated Transport) (2009) Climate Change and Transport: Meeting the Challenge of Ambitious Carbon Reduction Targets. London: CfIT.

Chandra, A. and Thompson, E. (2000) Does public infrastructure affect economic activity? Evidence from the rural interstate highway system. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 30 (4): 457-490.

Chen, C., Gong, H. and Paaswell, R. (2008) Role of the built environment on mode choice decisions: Additional evidence on the impact of density. Transportation, 35 (3): 285-299.

Choo, S., Mokhtarian, P., and Salomon, I. (2005) Does telecommuting reduce vehicle-miles travelled? An aggregate time series analysis for the U.S. Transportation 32 (1): 37-64.

Cowan, R. (ed) (2008) Design and Access Statements Explained. London: Thomas Telford.

CfIT (Commission for Integrated Transport) (2009) Climate Change and Transport: Meeting the Challenge of Ambitious Carbon Reduction Targets. London: CfIT.

Curtis, C. and Headicar, P. (1994) Residential Development and Car-Based Travel: Does Location Make a Difference? European Transport Forum. London: PTRC.

Dargay, J. and Hanly, M. (2004) The effects of prices and income on car travel in the UK. World Conference on Transport Research, Istanbul.

DCLG (Department for Communities and Local Government) (2007) Residential Car Parking Research. London: Stationery Office.

DCLG (Department for Communities and Local Government) (2006) PPS3 Housing. London: Stationery Office.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2009) Low Carbon Transport: A Greener Future. London: Stationery Office.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2009) Website for Transport Analysis Guidance. WebTAG

DfT (Department for Transport) (2009) Sustainable Travel Towns

DfT (Department for Transport) (2008) Delivering a Sustainable Transport System. London: Stationery Office.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2008) Building Sustainable Transport into New Developments: A Menu of Options for Growth Points and Eco-towns. London: Stationery Office.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2007) Circular 2/07: Planning and the Strategic Road Network. London: Stationery Office.

DfT (Department for Transport) (2007) Manual for Streets. London: Thomas Telford.

DETR (Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions) (2001) Planning Policy Guidance Note 13: Transport (Revised). PPG 13. London: HMSO.

DETR (Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions) (1998) Transport White Paper. A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone. London: HMSO.

DOE (Department of the Environment) (1994) PPG13: Transport. London: HMSO.

DOE (Department of the Environment) (1995) PPG13 A Guide to Better Practice. Reducing the Need to Travel through Land Use and Transport Planning. London: HMSO.

ECOTEC (1993) Reducing Transport Emissions Through Planning. ECOTEC for Department of Environment. London: HMSO.

Ewing, R. (1995) Beyond density, mode choice, and single-purpose trips. Transportation Quarterly, 49 (4): 15-24.

Ewing, R. and Cervero, R. (2001) Travel and the built environment. A synthesis. Transportation Research Record, 1780: 87-114.

Farthing, S., Winter, J. and Coombes, T. (1995) Compact but sustainable. Planning Week. 8 June.

Farthing, S., Winter, J. and Coombes, T. (1997) Travel behaviour and local accessibility to services and facilities. Jenks, M., Burton, E. and Williams, K. (eds) The Compact City. A Sustainable Urban Form? London: Spon.

Frank, L. D. and Pivo, P. (1994) Impacts of mixed use and density on utilization of three modes of travel: Single-occupant vehicle, transit, and walking. Transportation Research Record, 1466: 44-52.

Gardner, B. and Abraham, C. (2007) Psychological correlates of car use: A meta-analysis. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 11 (4): 300-311

Goodwin, P. (1995) Car Dependence. In Goodwin, P. (eds) Car Dependence. RAC Foundation for Motoring and the Environment. Oxford: TSU.

Goodwin, P., Cairns, S., Dargay, J., Hanly, M., Parkhurst, G., Stokes, G. and Vythoulkas, P. (2004) Changing Travel Behaviour. Final Conference London: ESRC Transport Studies Unit, University College London.

Goodwin, P., Dargay, J. and Hanly, M. (2004) Elasticities of road traffic and fuel consumption with respect to price and income: A review. Transport Reviews, 24 (3): 275-292.

Goodwin, P., Hallett, S., Kenny, F. and Stokes, G. (1991) Transport: The New Realism. Report to Rees Jeffrey Road Fund. Oxford: TSU.

Gordon, I., Breheny, M., Archer, S. (1997) Urban Compaction Versus Higher Gas Prices: The Feasibility and Effectiveness of Alternative Approached to Securing Sustainable Levels of Urban Travel. Association of American Geographers, Fort Worth, Texas.

Gordon, P. and Richardson, H. W. (1989) Gasoline consumption and cities: A reply. Journal of American Planning Association, 55 (3): 342-345.

Graham, S. and Marvin, S. (1996) Telecommunications and the City: Electronic Spaces, Urban Places. Routledge: London.

Hägerstrand, T. (1970) What about people in regional science? Papers of the Regional Science Association, 24: 7-21.

Halcrow Group (2007) Land Use and Transport. “Rule of Thumb” Capacities. Working Paper. Halcrow: London.

Hall, P. and Pain, K. (2006) The Polycentric Metropolis. Learning from Mega-City Regions in Europe. London: Earthscan.

Hall, P. and Ward, C. (1998) Sociable Cities. The Legacy of Ebenezer Howard. Chichester: Wiley.

Handy, S. (1993) Regional versus local accessibility: Implications for nonwork travel. Transportation Research Record, 1400: 58-66.

Handy, S. (1995) Understanding the link between urban form and travel behaviour. Transportation Research Board, Washington DC.

Headicar, P. (2009) Transport Policy and Planning in Great Britain. Routledge.

Headicar, P. (2003) Land use planning and the management of transport demand. Hine, J. and Preston J. (eds) Integrated Futures and Transport Choices. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Headicar, P. (2000) The exploding city region: Should it, can it, be reversed? Williams, K. Burton, E. and Jenks, M. (eds) Achieving Sustainable Urban Form. London: Spon.

Headicar, P. (1997) Spatial Development and Travel Planning: Implications for Planning. Waterfront Conference, London.

Headicar, P. (1996) Settlement Size: It's not Size but Location that Matters. TRICS Conference, London: TRICS.

Headicar, P. and Curtis, C. (1998) The location of new residential developments: Its influence on car-based travel. Banister, D. (ed) Transport Policy and the Environment. London: Spon.

Hess, P., Moudon, A., Snyder, M. and Stanilov, K. (1999) Site design and pedestrian travel. Transportation Research Record, 1674: 9-19.

Hickman, R. and Banister, D. (2007) Looking over the horizon: transport and reduced CO2 emissions in the UK by 2030. Transport Policy, 14: 377-387.

Hickman, R. and Banister, D. (2007) Transport and reduced energy consumption: what role can urban planning play? Transport Studies Unit (Ref. 1026), Oxford University Centre for the Environment, Oxford.

Hickman, R., Seaborn, C., Ashiru, O., Saxena, S., Headicar, P., Banister, D. and Pharoah, T. (2009) Land Use and Transport: Settlement Patterns and the Demand for Travel. Background Technical Report. London: Halcrow Group for CfIT.

Jones, P., Boujenko, N. and Marshall, S. (2007) Link and Place. A Guide to Street Planning and Design. London: Landor.

Kahn, H. and Wiener, A.J. (1967) The Year 2000: A Framework for Speculation on the Next Thirty Years. New York: Macmillan.

Kasturi, T., Sun, X., and Wilmot, C.G. (1998) Household travel, household characteristics and land use: An empirical study from the 1994 Portland Activity-Based Travel Survey. Transportation Research Record, 1617: 10-17.

Kitamura, R., Mokhtarian, P., and Laidet, L. (1997) A micro-analysis of land use and travel in five neighbourhoods in the San Francisco Bay Area. Transportation, 24: 125-158.

Kockelman, K. M. (1997) Travel behaviour as a function of accessibility, land use mixing, and land use balance: Evidence from San Francisco Bay Area. Transportation Research Record, 1607: 116-125.

Krizek, K.J. (2003) Residential re-location and changes in urban travel. Does neighbourhood scale urban form matter? Journal of American Planning Association. 69 (3). Chicago.

Levinson, D.M. and Krizek, K.J. (2008) Planning for Place and Plexus. Metropolitan Land Use and Transport. Routledge.

Litman, T. (2009) Generated Traffic and Induced Travel: Implications for Transport Planning. Victoria (Canada): Victoria Transport Policy Institute.

Llewelyn Davies (1997) Sustainable Residential Quality. New Approaches to Urban Living. London: Llewelyn Davies.

Llewelyn Davies and the Bartlett School of Planning, University College London (1998) The Use of Density in Planning. DETR.

Llewelyn Davies and Alan Baxter and Associates (2001) Better Places to Live. By Design. LD and ABA for CABE/DTLR. London.

Llewelyn Davies and Alan Baxter and Associates (2000) Urban Design Compendium. LD and ABA for English Partnerships. London.

Marsden, G. (2006) The evidence base for parking policies – a review. Transport Policy, 13: 447-457.

Meurs, H. and Haaijer, R. (2001) Spatial structure and mobility. Transportation Research D6: 429-446.

Miller, E.J. and Ibrahim, A. (1998) Urban form and vehicular travel: Some empirical findings. Transportation Research Record, 1617: 18-27.

Mokhtarian, P. L., Salomon, I. and Handy, S. L. (2006) The impacts of ICT on leisure activities and travel: A conceptual exploration. Transportation, 33 (3): 263-289.

MOT (Ministry of Transport) (1963) Traffic in Towns. [The Buchanan Report]. London: HMSO.

Naess, P. (2009) Residential self selection and appropriate control variables in land use: travel studies. Transport Reviews 29 (3): 293-324.

Negroponte, N. (1996) Being Digital. New York: Random House.

Newman, P.W.G. and Kenworthy, J.R. (1989) Cities and Automobile Dependence. An International Sourcebook. Aldershot: Gower.

Newman, P.W.G. and Kenworthy, J.R. (1999) Sustainability and Cities: Overcoming Automobile Dependence. California: Island Press.

Noland, R.B. and Lem, L.L. (2001) A Review of the Evidence for Induced Travel and Changes in Transportation and Environmental Policy in the United States and the United Kingdom. Imperial College London.

Owens, S. (1992) Energy, environmental sustainability and land-use planning. Breheny, M. (ed) Sustainable Development and Urban Form. London: Pion: 79-105.

Pushkar, A.O., Hollingworth, B.J., and Miller, E.J. (2000) A multivariate regression model for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from alternative neighbourhood designs. Transportation Research Board. Washington DC.

Roberts, J. (1991) Changed Travel-Better World? A Study of Travel Patterns in Milton Keynes and Almere. London: TEST.

Roger Evans Associates (2007) Urban Design Compendium 2. REA for English Partnerships. London.

Rogers, R. (1997) Cities for a Small Planet. London: Faber.

RCEP (Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution) (1994) Transport and the Environment, 18th Report. Cm 2674. London: HMSO.

Rudlin, D. and Falk, N. (1999) Building the 21st Century Home. Architectural Press.

SACTRA (Standing Advisory Committee for Trunk Road Assessment) (1999). Transport and the Economy. London: HMSO.

Schafer, A. (2008) Regularities in Travel Demand: An International Perspective. Bureau of Transportation Statistics: Research and Innovative Technology Administration.

Schiffer, R.G., Steinvorth, M.W. and Milam, R.T. (2005) Comparative evaluations on the elasticity of travel demand. Transportation Research Board, Washington DC.

Schwartz, P. (1996) The Art of the Long View: Paths to Strategic Insight for Yourself and Your Company. New York: Doubleday.

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Stead, D. (2001) Relationships between land use, socio-economic factors and travel patterns in Britain. Environment and Planning B, 28 (4): 499-528.

Stradling, S., Meadows, M.L., Beatty, S. (2000) Helping drivers out of their cars: integrating transport policy and social psychology for sustainable change. Transport Policy, 7 (3): 207-15.

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